What is plant conservation?

What is plant conservation?

How plants contribute to biodiversity conservation

This work focuses part of its attention, therefore, on endangered species. In this sense, the director of the Plant Reproductive Ecology Group, Pedro L. Ortiz, highlights how, for example, the results of the study of the reproduction of Spanish firs have been used in the recovery plans for this plant species in Andalusia.

“A loss of plant diversity in turn leads to a loss of many other species, and to address this problem we must first know precisely which species are interacting with each other,” says Montserrat Arista, the scientific director of the project and director of the SGI Herbarium of the University of Seville.

During the inauguration of this new Window on Science, the director of the Science and Education Area of the Science Park, Javier Medina, highlighted how the work carried out by the Reproductive Ecology of Plants Group of the University of Seville “can later have repercussions on better environmental sustainability policies”.

Preservation of medicinal plants

Habitat conservation is a system of land resource management, a practice that seeks to conserve, protect, and restore the habitats of wild plants and animals to prevent their extinction, habitat fragmentation, and the reduction of the geographic distribution of species.[1] It is a priority of various human groups that does not fall into a specific ideology.

The global environmental movement is concerned with environmental protection; it is one of several movements that emerged in the 1960s. It is to be distinguished from the science of ecology that existed before that time. The ecology movement considers wild species as beings endowed with life rights based on the importance of maintaining biodiversity.

Importance of plants pdf

Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is the incredible variety of life forms on Earth. This includes all the plants, animals, and microorganisms that live on the Earth’s surface; their enormous diversity of genes; the habitats that are identified as their home; and the natural processes of which they are a part.

Ecosystems and the biodiversity they harbor are the life support of the Earth – we depend on them, for the air we breathe, the food we eat, and the water we drink. Wetlands filter pollutants from water; plants and trees reduce global warming by absorbing carbon; microorganisms break down organic matter and fertilize soil to provide food. Biodiversity helps pollinate flowers and crops and also provides food and medicines for our well-being. Without it we would not be able to survive.

Tropical forests also provide goods, such as: timber, fibers, resins, animal and plant products; thousands of edible species of which only a fraction enter world trade; biological and genetic resources; and medicines. In fact, less than 1% of the world’s tropical forest plants have been studied for their pharmaceutical properties; however, at least 25% of all modern drugs have an active ingredient derived from plants, in many cases, first discovered and used by indigenous peoples.

Flora conservation strategies

Natural remedies based on herbs, roots, flowers and leaves, require a careful selection and preparation of medicinal plants if a therapeutically effective preparation is to be obtained, since only in this way will all the active principles be kept intact.

A plant is cultivated when it is separated from its natural environment, the soil is tilled, fertilized, pruned and watered regularly. In general, whenever we can, we will use wild plants, or plants cultivated in conditions as close as possible to their natural state, in order to avoid a qualitative and quantitative loss of their medicinal properties.

When the plant is harvested, there is a balance between the synthesis and decomposition of the chemical products it contains. The plant dehydrates in a process called withering. During this process it is possible that chemical reactions may occur that did not occur before and that may be undesirable for conservation. For example, hydrolysis, oxidation, or isomerization reactions may occur.